Tifo of red and white with "ATHLETIC" in black. image source: http://www.ultras-tifo.net/photo-news/3569-athletic-club-bilbao-barcelona-30052015.html
SWIRL Activities. Watch instructional videos, discuss videos to activate prior knowledge, read the resource pages, and write labels on their arrays.
Day 1: SWBAT design at least 3 arrays for a given product using computer program Sketch.io , selecting shapes for each array, and labeling the array using mathematical and English number labels using the text or pen tool.
Day 2: SWBAT build a large array representing 800 - 1000 seats creating a Tifo design that might be used in a soccer stadium setting.
Whole Class Instruction
Tifo of blue, red with "FENT HISTORIA" in yellow. Image Source: http://www.ultras-tifo.net/photo-news/3569-athletic-club-bilbao-barcelona-30052015.html
How are those seats arranged? (rows, columns or sections, individual seats)
Ask – Have you ever been to a soccer stadium or seen a game on TV where the fans do this? Play.....“Everything You Need To Know About TIFOs” Video https://youtu.be/ywcefvRyA_A (play only 0:00 to 2:50 of the 4:16 video if time is short)
Show Word on board – Italian, so uses Spanish/Italian pronunciation for “i” and “o”... “Tifo” is a soccer stadium’s fans holding up paper banners in a way that makes a huge message when viewed from far away.
Watch this video if you need to remember what an Array is...
Array - symbols arranged in rows and columns. Used in multiplication and tifo designs.
Row - shapes arranged evenly in a horizontal line, going side to side.
Column - shapes arranged evenly in a vertical line, going up and down.
Multiplication - number of items in a row counted quickly by the number of columns those rows form. Speed addition, repeated counting.
Tifo - A soccer fan event, where fans design messages displayed by fans based on the array of seats in a soccer stadium.
Enrichment & Extensions
Stadium seating plan by section. Each section has an array of seats in rows, with seat numbers.
Image source: http://www.campingworldstadium.com/tickets-seating/seating-charts
Higher Order Questions & Enrichment discussion:
In a stadium, why are seat numbers actually the equivalent of columns?
Once the tifo design is done, how would fan groups determine which seats in the stadium get which color paper?
How do fans know when to hold up their papers?
What if the design is two fold – meaning front and back colors?
How would the fans know what color to hold up when?
What printing concerns might there be for a tivo?
Teacher Stuff Below
Georgia Standards of Excellence Kindergarten - Fifth Grade Mathematics
"In Grade 3, instructional time should focus on four critical areas: (1) developing understanding of multiplication and division and strategies for multiplication and division within 100; (2) developing understanding of fractions, especially unit fractions (fractions with numerator 1); (3) developing understanding of the structure of rectangular arrays and of area; and (4) describing and analyzing two dimensional shapes." (Georgia Department of Education, 2016).
MGSE3.OA.1 Interpret products of whole numbers, e.g., interpret 5 × 7 as the total number of objects in 5 groups of 7 objects each.
MGSE3.OA.3 Use multiplication and division within 100 to solve word problems in situations involving equal groups, arrays, and measurement quantities,